A complete history of computing would include a multitude of diverse devices such as the ancient Chinese abacus, the Jacquard loom (1805) and Charles Babbage’s “analytical engine” (1834). Description: The focus of this project will be the implementation of a more efficient network, and the building of a database-type quoting program for the G&M Service Company, a heating and air conditioning company in Raleigh, NC. The first objective is to have functional database-based quoting program implemented into the businesses day-to-day operations. The second objective will be to replace any devices with devices that will work with the new program standpoint. The third objective will be to make sure that things run smoothly, and look organized for their permanent operation.
Computer Information Technology (CIT) is a unique program that aims to train students to be technical experts in various computing technologies including database, network administration, web technology, and security. Graduates will be IT specialists responsible for planning, deployment, administration, and configuration of computing infrastructures for organizations.
Under the direction of engineer Dr. Paul Friedl, the Special Computer APL Machine Portable (SCAMP) personal computer prototype is developed at IBM’s Los Gatos and Palo Alto, California laboratories. IBM’s first personal computer, the system was designed to run the APL programming language in a compact, briefcase-like enclosure which comprised a keyboard, CRT display, and cassette tape storage. Friedl used the SCAMP prototype to gain approval within IBM to promote and develop IBM’s 5100 family of computers, including the most successful, the 5150, also known as the IBM Personal Computer (PC), introduced in 1981. From concept to finished system, SCAMP took only six months to develop.
During three years of production, IBM sells 19 701s to research laboratories, aircraft companies, and the federal government. Also known inside IBM as the Defense Calculator,” the 701 rented for $15,000 a month. Programmer Arthur Samuels used the 701 to write the first computer program designed to play checkers. The 701 introduction also marked the beginning of IBM’s entry into the large-scale computer market, a market it came to dominate in later decades.
In a business context, the Information Technology Association of America has defined information technology as “the study, design, development, application, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems “. 42 pageÂ needed The responsibilities of those working in the field include network administration, software development and installation, and the planning and management of an organization’s technology life cycle, by which hardware and software are maintained, upgraded and replaced.