Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise. The TX-0 (Transistor eXperimental – 0”) is the first general-purpose programmable computer built with transistors. For easy replacement, designers placed each transistor circuit inside a “bottle,” similar to a vacuum tube. Constructed at MIT´s Lincoln Laboratory, the TX-0 moved to the MIT Research Laboratory of Electronics, where it hosted some early imaginative tests of programming, including writing a Western movie shown on television, 3-D tic-tac-toe, and a maze in which a mouse found martinis and became increasingly inebriated.
The DCS is a degree in applied research. Degree candidates study the theory and practice behind computing. Payscale records Research Scientists as having an average salary of $115,279. The aim of the program is to provide qualified professionals for computer programming by teaching technical and theoretical principles. The curriculum addresses different issues such as basic programming, internet programming, database, network systems, computer hardware and web design.
This certificate is designed to give you extensive knowledge of computer applications, equipping you to be successful in your professional and educational careers while giving you skills to transition to the technology of the future. By completing this certificate, you will become a power user of office software applications, using these applications to build Web sites, develop software training modules, create interactive IT products, and complete a service learning product.
A background in computer and information science prepares a student for a host of careers. From research to web design to truly futuristic interactions between humans and machines, students in this field truly are on the cutting edge. That’s why studying Computers and Technology is a great choice, no matter what industry you’re interested in. Whether you want to develop software that powers successful businesses, design a hot new mobile phone app, or create digital effects for blockbuster films, specialized computing skills will be indispensable.
A bachelor’s degree is often considered the minimum requirement for entry-level employment. Those professionals interested in career advancement opportunities should consider earning a master’s degree in computer science or a related field. Professional certifications in the use of specific operating systems or software programs are also available. Certification and continuing education classes help information technology and computer science professionals to keep up with the latest advancements in technologies.